There is a higher incidence of Yeshivish being spoken amongst Orthodox Jews that are regularly involved in Torah study, or belong to a community that promotes its study. Commonly used platitudes amongst Orthodox Jews are frequently expressed with their Yeshivish equivalent.
Yeshivish dialogue may include many expressions that refer to God or HaShem. Neophyte Orthodox Jews might overcompensate in their efforts to assimilate to the community's parlance and speak a stilted artificial form of Yeshivish. Words might be used in an incorrect context and pronounced in an unusual manner.
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Another tendency of Baalei Teshuva is to cite excessive Godly references in their speech. Some observers predict that the English variant of Yeshivish may develop further to the point that it could become one of the historical Judeo-hybrid languages like Yiddish, Ladino or Judeo-Arabic. The Judeo-hybrid languages were spoken dialects which mixed elements of the local vernacular, Hebrew, Aramaic and Jewish religious idioms. However, the integration of modern-day Jews with non-Jews may keep their speech from diverging as far from the standard language as it did in the past.
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The vocabulary and grammatical structure of Yeshivish is drawn primarily from the speaker's native language see above , although it includes scholarly jargon, primarily from the Talmud and Acharonim in Yiddish, Hebrew, and Aramaic. In many sentences however, the grammatical and lexical features of the speaker's native language is slight and sometimes even lacking altogether. A distinguishing feature of Yeshivish is that its speakers knowingly apply highly technical and literal written language to a colloquial language and in common day usage, similar to Modern Hebrew , for example:.
Nezek in its original context refers to the Talmudic notion of tort law, l'basoif means "eventually", moideh b'miktzas refers to partial confession of a defendant, and shoigeg in its original context means an incident which was caused unwillingly, but was a result of partial negligence. Despite its heavy borrowing of technical and legal terms, the above sentence would be understood clearly by speakers of Yeshivish as "He did a lot of damage, and eventually admitted that he did it, although he claimed it was inadvertent.
Note in the above example that shoigeg does not have the same meaning in Yeshivish as it does in its original context, wherein it implies negligence. Oines would be the correct technical term. The Yeshivish accent has similarities to various accents of Eastern European and New York backgrounds.
One notable feature of Yeshivish is the frequency of occurrence of the phoneme [x], common in many words of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Yiddish origin. Yeshivish may use a "chanting intonation" for reading and discussing Jewish texts. A number of other distinctive intonations are also used: for instance, a high-falling pitch boundary for a dramatic point.
A hesitation click is used, borrowed from Israeli Hebrew :.
Yeshivish has some unique interjections. For instance Oh!
Extensive hand motions, in particular thumb dipping in the style of talmudic discourse as well as the "fist twist," which is a closed fist raised at or above eye level and twisted back and forth to indicate uncertainty or doubt, are common. Loan words are often given plurals using standard English morphology. For instance, the plural of yeshiva is yeshivas rather than yeshivois as in Ashkenazi Hebrew although this is similar to the plural form in Yiddish. Hebrew nouns ending in -us are pluralized with the suffix -in rather than replacing -us with -uyois as in Ashkenazi Hebrew, e.
This likely comes from the Yiddish plural marker -n although it could also have derived from Aramaic -in.
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- Frumspeak: The First Dictionary of Yeshivish;
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Loan verbs may also conjugate with standard English patterns. For example, Yiddish derived daven 'pray' may become davening or davened , e. Some verbs, particularly those of Hebrew origin, are often treated as participles, and inflected by English auxiliary verbs, in the same way that periphrastic verbs are constructed in Yiddish. For example:. There are a number of phrasal verbs calqued from Yiddish, for instance bring down and tell over 'recount, retell a story '.
Modals may be used differently than in standard English, e.
Frumspeak - Weiser, Chaim M. - | HPB
I want that you should get her number. There are a number of differences between the use of prepositions in Yeshivish and standard English:. A possible cause for this is that the Yiddish preposition " bei " is defined as at, beside or by.
The similar-sounding English preposition by has come to encompass these meanings. Research Only a few serious studies have been written about Yeshivish. Yiddish The Yiddish variant of Yeshivish is questionable as a definition in itself, since the grammar remains identical to that of Yiddish. Hebrew The Yeshivish dialect of Hebrew consists of occasional Ashkenazic pronunciation and various Yiddishisms within Modern Hebrew spoken among Haredi communities in Israel. Patterns of usage Yeshivish is primarily a male spoken dialect. Distinct features Vocabulary The vocabulary and grammatical structure of Yeshivish is drawn primarily from the speaker's native language see above , although it includes scholarly jargon, primarily from the Talmud and Acharonim in Yiddish, Hebrew, and Aramaic.
A distinguishing feature of Yeshivish is that its speakers knowingly apply highly technical and literal written language to a colloquial language and in common day usage, similar to Modern Hebrew , for example: He caused a lot of nezek , but l'basoif was moideh b'miktzas and claimed he was shoigeg Nezek in its original context refers to the Talmudic notion of tort law, l'basoif means "eventually", moideh b'miktzas refers to partial confession of a defendant, and shoigeg in its original context means an incident which was caused unwillingly, but was a result of partial negligence.
Discourse and prosody Yeshivish may use a "chanting intonation" for reading and discussing Jewish texts. A hesitation click is used, borrowed from Israeli Hebrew : But sometimes it's more—[click] I don't know how to explain it.
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The "click" is often vocalized as "tsk. Grammar Morphology Loan words are often given plurals using standard English morphology. So what if they aren't paragraphed and sentenced? It's just as savory. This book may seem silly on the surface, and it may very well be to those Frumspeak: The First Dictionary of Yeshivish. Chaim M. Frumspeak examines the unique linguistic habits of Orthodox, native-born Americans.
Related Frumspeak : the first dictionary of Yeshivish
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